Linked PDF’s are intended for personal, noncommercial use only, copyright resides with copyright holders as stated in each paper. These files may not be reposted without permission.

Link not working? Let me know: email r.s.schaefer ‘at’ fsw.leidenuniv.nl

Journal Publications
• Derks-Dijkman, M., Schaefer, R.S.
, & Kessels, R. (submitted). Musical presentation of verbal information to aid memory functioning in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer’s dementia: A scoping review. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/mzhv3 <preprint
Floridou, G. A., Peerdeman, K., & Schaefer, R.S. (submitted). Individual Differences in Mental Imagery in Different Modalities and Levels of Intentionality. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/j2h8k <preprint>
• Pouw, W., Proksch, S., Drijvers, L., Gamba, M., Holler, J., Kello, C., Schaefer, R.S., Wiggins, G. (accepted in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B). Rhythmic interaction when communication goes multi-modal. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/psmhn <preprint>
Harvey, A., Hou, L., Davidson-Kelly, K., Schaefer, R.S., Hong, S., Mangin, J.-F., Overy, K., & Roberts, N. (2021). Increased representation of the non-dominant hand in pianists demonstrated by measurement of 3D morphology of the central sulcus. Psychoradiology 1(2), 66-72 <pdf>
Agres*, K. R., Schaefer*, R.S, Volk*, A., van Hooren, S., Holzapfel, A., Bella, S. D., Müller, M., De Witte, M., Herremans, D., Ramirez, R., Neerinckx, M., Ruiz, S., Meredith, D., Dimitriadis, T., Magee, W. L. (2021). Music, Computing, and Health: A roadmap for the current and future roles of music technology for health care and well-being. Music & Science 4, 1-32. https://doi.org/10.1177/2059204321997709 <pdf>
Granot*, R., Spitz*, D., Cherki, B., Loui, P., Timmers, R., Schaefer, R.S., Vuoskoski, J.K., Cárdenas-Soler, R., Soares-Quadros Jr, J.F., Li, S, Lega, C, La Rocca, S., Martínez, I.C., Tanco, M., Marchiano, M., Martínez-Castilla, P., Pérez-Acosta, G., Martínez-Ezquerro, J.D., Gutiérrez-Blasco, I.M., Jiménez-Dabdoub, L., Coers, M., Treider, J.M., Greenberg, D.M., & Israel, S. (2021). “Help! I Need Somebody”: Music as a Global Resource for Obtaining Wellbeing Goals in Times of Crisis.  Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 648013. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.648013. <pdf>
• Moore, E.V., Schaefer, R.S., Bastin, M., Roberts, N. & Overy, K. (2017). Diffusion tensor MRI tractography reveals increased fractional anisotropy (FA) in arcuate fasciculus following music-cued motor training. Brain and Cognition 116, 40-46. <pdf>
• Schaefer, R.S., Beijer, L. J., Seuskens, W., Rietveld, T. C., and Sadakata, M. (2016). Intuitive visualization of pitch and loudness in speech. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 23(2), 548-555. <pdf>
• Davidson Kelly, K., Schaefer, R.S., Moran, N. & Overy, K. (2015). “Total Inner Memory”: Deliberate uses of multimodal musical imagery during performance preparation. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind & Brain 25(1), 83-92. <pdf>
• Schaefer, R.S. & Overy, K. (2015). Motor responses to a steady beat. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1337, 40-44.<pdf>
• Schaefer, R.S. (2014). Mental representations in musical processing and their role in action-perception loops. Empirical Musicology Review, 9(3-4), 161-176 <pdf>
• Schaefer, R.S. (2014). Auditory rhythmic cueing in movement rehabilitation: findings and possible mechanisms. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 369: 20130402. <pdf>
Schaefer, R.S., Morcom, A.M., Roberts, N. & Overy, K. (2014). Moving to music: Effects of heard and imagined musical cues on movement-related brain activity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8:774. <pdf>
• Schaefer, R.S. (2014). Images of time: Temporal aspects of auditory and movement imagination. Frontiers in Psychology: Perception Science 5:877 <pdf>
• Moore, E.V., Schaefer, R.S., Bastin, M., Roberts, N. & Overy, K. (2014). Can musical training influence brain connectivity? Evidence from diffusion tensor MRI. Brain Sciences, 4, 405-427 <pdf>
Schaefer, R.S., Overy, K. & Nelson, P. (2013). Affect and non-uniform characteristics of predictive processing in musical behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36(3), 226-227 (commentary on Clark, A. (2013). Whatever next? Predictive brains, situated agents, and the future of cognitive science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36(3), 181-204) <pdf>
Schaefer, R.S., Desain, P. & Farquhar, J. (2013). Shared processing of perception and imagery of music in decomposed EEG.  NeuroImage, 70, 317-326. <pdf>
Schaefer, R.S., Furuya, S., Smith, L. M., Bohannan Kaneshiro, B. & Toiviainen, P. (2012). Probing neural mechanisms of music perception, cognition and performance using multivariate decoding. Psychomusicology: Music, Mind and Brain 22(2), 168-174 <pdf>
Schaefer, R.S., Vlek, R.J. & Desain, P. (2011). Music perception and imagery in EEG: alpha band effects of task and stimulus. International Journal for Psychophysiology, 82(3), 254-259 <pdf>
• Vlek, R.J., Schaefer, R.S., Gielen, C.C.A.M., Farquhar, J.D. & Desain, P. (2011). Shared mechanisms in perception and imagery of auditory accents. Clinical Neurophysiology, 122(8):1526–1532 <pdf>
Schaefer, R.S., Sadakata, M., Blokland, Y., Farquhar, J., & Desain, P. (2011). Name that tune: decoding music from the listening brain. NeuroImage, 56, 843 – 849 <pdf>
Schaefer, R.S., Vlek, R.J. & Desain, P. (2011). Decomposing rhythm processing: electroencephalography of perceived and self-imposed rhythmic patterns. Psychological Research, 75(2), 95-106 <pdf>
• Vlek, R.J., Schaefer, R.S., Gielen, C.C.A.M., Farquhar, J.D. & Desain, P. (2011). Sequenced subjective accents for Brain-Computer Interfaces. Journal of Neural Engineering, 8(3): 036002 <pdf>, selected to be a part of JNE’s Highlights collection for 2011!
Schaefer, R.S., Desain, P. & Suppes, P. (2009). Structural decomposition of EEG signatures of melodic processing. Biological Psychology 82, 253-259 <pdf>
• Van Gerven, M., Farquhar, J., Schaefer, R., Vlek, R., Geuze, J., Nijholt, A., Ramsey, N., Haselager, P., Vuurpijl, L., Gielen, S. & Desain, P. (2009). The brain-computer interface cycle. Journal of Neural Engineering 6(4): 041001 <pdf>
(No. 2 most cited paper in JNE of 2009-2010! <see list> )
• De Kruif, B.J., Schaefer, R.S. & Desain, P. (2007). Classification of imagined beats for use in a Brain Computer Interface. Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS (pp. 678-681). Cite Internationale, Lyon, France. <pdf>

Book chapters
• Schaefer, R.S.
(forthcoming). Imagery and movement in music-based rehabilitation and music pedagogy. In: Kussner, M. & Floridou, G., & Taruffi, L. (Eds.), Music and Imagery: Towards an interdisciplinary framework for research and applications. Taylor & Francis.
Schaefer, R.S.
& Grafton, S. T (2017). Modifying movement optimization processes with music.  In: LeSaffre, M., Maes, P.-J. & Leman, M. (Eds), The Routledge Companion to Embodied Music Interaction. Taylor & Francis.
Schaefer, R.S. (2017). Music in the brain: Imagery and memory. In: Ashley, R. & Timmers, R. (Eds), The Routledge Companion to Music Cognition. Taylor & Francis.
•De Bruin, J.J. & Schaefer, R.S. (2017). Musical activities for cognitive enhancement in dementia.  In: Colzato, L.S. (Ed.), Handbook of Cognitive Enhancement. Springer.

Conference presentations 
talks, since 2015
Schaefer, R.S. (2021). Effects of syncopation and repetition on beat clarity, liking, and urge to move. Art in Motion, June 2021, Munich, DE/online
Schaefer, R.S. (2019). Effects of syncopation and repetition on beat clarity, liking, and urge to move. Proceedings of 17th Rhythm Perception and Production Workshop, June 2019, Traverse City, MI, USA
Schaefer, R.S. & Hamilton, A.S.A. (2018). Music-supported motor learning: Behavioral learning and cue dependence. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference for Music Perception and Cognition, July 2018, Graz, Austria
Schaefer, R.S. (2017). Cognitive effects of music listening in healthy elderly: Considering arousal and familiarity. Federation for European Societies of Neuropsychology, September 2017, Maastricht, NL
Schaefer, R.S. (2017). Reconsidering cognitive effects of music listening: Evaluating the Arousal-Mood Hypothesis over the life span. European Society for Cognition of Music, July 2017, Ghent, BE
• Van Egmond, E. & Schaefer, R.S. (2017). Cognitive aspects of cued movement precision. European Society for Cognition of Music, July 2017, Ghent, BE (supported by SEMPRE and LUF funds)
• Van Ditzhuizen J. & Schaefer, R.S. (2017). The effect of music listening on the cognitive performance of older adults: Does familiarity matter? European Society for Cognition of Music, July 2017, Ghent, BE (supported by SEMPRE funds)

posters, since 2015
 McGowan, N. & Schaefer, R.S. (2019). The experience of speed when tapping to polyrhythms: an artistic and scientific research project. Proceedings of 17th Rhythm Perception and Production Workshop, June 2019, Traverse City, MI, USA
Korsmit, I.R., Stevers, D., Roché, M. & Schaefer, R.S. (2018). Complexity in musical rhythms: beat content, liking, and urge to move. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference for Music Perception and Cognition, July 2018, Graz, Austria
• Floridou, G.A., Den Hartog, A., Coers, M. & Schaefer, R.S. (2018). Neural correlates of movement cued with heard and imagined music. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference for Music Perception and Cognition, July 2018, Graz, Austria
• Gosman, M., Demirel, M., Kal, E., Geerse, D., van der Kamp, J. & Schaefer, R.S. (2017) Cognitive aspects of explicit and metaphorical movement instruction in older adults. Federation for European Societies of Neuropsychology, September 2017, Maastricht, NL
• Coers, M., Myles, D. & Schaefer, R.S. (2017). Musical EMDR: Music, arousal and emotional processing in EEG. Federation for European Societies of Neuropsychology, September 2017, Maastricht, NL
• 
Floridou, G.A., Peerdeman, K.J. & Schaefer, R.S. (2017). Spontaneous and voluntary imagery across the life span. European Society for Cognition of Music, July 2017, Ghent, BE
• Coers, M., Myles, D., De Bruin, J. & Schaefer, R.S. (2016). Musical EMDR: Music, arousal and emotional processing in EEG. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Music Perception and Cognition, San Francisco, July 2016
• Overboom, T., Verheijen, J., De Bruin, J. & Schaefer, R.S. (2016). Music liking, arousal and cognition. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Music Perception and Cognition, San Francisco, July 2016 (supported by SEMPRE funds)
• Pietroniro, J., De Bruin, J. & Schaefer, R.S. (2016). Metaphor use in skilled movement: Music performance, dance and athletics. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Music Perception and Cognition, San Francisco, July 2016
• Schaefer, R.S., Morcom, A.M., Roberts, N. & Overy, K. (2015). fMRI measures of moving to auditory rhythm. ESMRMB 2015, Edinburgh, UK.
• Schaefer, R.S., Broadway, J., Garcia, J., Schooler J., & Protzko, J. (2015). Latent cognitive correlates of timing abilities. International Society for Intelligence Research Annual Conference, Albuquerque, NM.
• Tarampi, M, Khanukayev, B. & Schaefer, R.S. (2015). Imagine That: The relationship between imagery measures and imagery types. Annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci) 2015, UC Merced.
• Moore, E.V., Schaefer, R.S., Bastin, M., Roberts, N. & Overy, K. (2015). Four weeks of musically-cued motor training induces structural changes in the arcuate fasciculus. British Neuroscience Association’s Festival of Neuroscience 2015, Edinburgh, UK

Symposia
• SAGE JRF workshop 2014: Coordinating research on coordination, Multidisciplinary methods for research on social coordination (co-organized with Matthew Gervais, Corina Logan and Margaret Tarampi)
• Symposium at the International Conference on Music Perception & Cognition (ICMPC13), Seoul, South Korea, 2014: Musical movement: effects of cueing and feedback
• Symposium at the International Conference on Music Perception & Cognition (ICMPC12), Thessaloniki, Greece2012: Classification as a tool in probing neural mechanisms of music perception, cognition, and performance (co-organized with Shinichi Furuya)

PhD Theses
• Williams, S. (2019). Finding Focus. Academy of Creative and Performing Arts, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands. Available at https://www.researchcatalogue.net/view/497578/497694
• Schaefer, R.S.  (2011). Measuring the mind’s ear: EEG of music imagery. Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. <full pdf, 12MB>